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Defence and Space

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Defence and Space

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Defence and Space

Martinique beach  covered with sargasse- Detection of toxic Gulfweed

Detection and Observation of Toxic Gulfweed using SPOT

The gorgeous island of Martinique in the Eastern Caribbean Sea has been hit by a plague, called sargasse. This toxic and pestilential gulfweed has been increasingly polluting the beaches of the island since 2011.


In early October 2014 the local French Defence headquarter (FAA) sent soldiers to clean up the beaches of Martinique after a new sargasse beaching, as it presented a serious hazard for public health. The situation was turning critical: the ecological impact was tremendous, the local economic activity was hampered and tourism started to suffer significantly.


Martinique map
Beach covered with Sargasse
People removing the pollution caused by toxic seaweed sagasse
People who remove the pollution wearing mask to protect themselves
Sargasse drift SPOT6/7

Caption: Sargasse in the ocean

Tackling the Disaster with Satellites

The French Navy contacted Airbus Defence and Space to help them detect the seaweed with spatial tools in order to observe the disparate items offshore.

Three crucial goals were at stake on the island:

  • Restoring public health
  • Responding to the ecological disaster
  • Resurrecting the international attractiveness of Martinique

Collecting satellite imagery over extremely large and similar water surfaces with enough resolution to detect the dark-coloured seaweed was challenging.

Our solution

With its large swath and high resolution, SPOT 7 matched the criteria of the request:

  • October 16th, 2014: The satellite acquired 21,600km² with 1.5m resolution in which 163 sargasse hubs could be detected
  • October 18th, 2014: 18,000km² were collected on which 678 similar seaweed slicks were spotted.

A systematic detection of seaweed was achieved with a digital model of oceanic vegetation. The objective was to map it, determine its surface and eventually estimate its volume.
A combination of wind and stream models with weather forecast constituted a toolkit to establish the route, the quantity and the estimated beaching date of the sargasse.
With these datasets and extracted information, local authorities were able to efficiently respond to the ecological and economic crisis. Airbus Defence and Space also has the ability to develop a tailored monitoring solution in case the French Navy requires a frequent observation of the zone.

Image 2: SPOT 7 October 18, 2014 - zoom

Image 3: SPOT 6/7 image of October 18th, 2014 processed with proprietary agriculture software (Overland™). Black: landmass; Blue: water surface; White: cloud presence; Brown: Sargasse

Case study - Different zone covered over Martinique by SPOT
Case study - SPOT 7 October 18, 2014 - zoom
SPOT image- Black : landmass  Blue: water surface White: cloud presence Brown: Sargasse
  • Establishment of route, quantity and estimated beaching date of sargasse: quick access to a great quantity of reliable SPOT data
  • Reduction of the impact of seaweed beaching: deploy nets off shore and trap part of the seaweed before it reaches the coasts
  • Set-up of a coherent sanitary response to the crisis: efficiently manage human resources to clean the beaches and medical staff to help prevent illnesses from spreading to local populations and tourists
Organisation involved

Satellite capacities support monitoring, prevention and optimisation of targeting. They are essential to manage cost-efficiency of maritime means.

Navy Lieutenant Sébastien Badel

Programmes Officer for the Navy

Logo Marine Nationale

The French Navy is the maritime branch of the French Ministry of Defence. Its role is to ensure security on the French Exclusive Economic Zone of 11 Million km², the second largest one in the world after the United States.

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